Army Enlisted Job Descriptions and Qualifications

09L -- Interpreter/Translator

KANDAHAR, AFGHANISTAN - MARCH 05: An Afghan interpreter with the U.S. Army's 4th squadron 2d Cavalry Regiment helps to question a villager during a joint patrol with soldiers from the Afghan National Army (ANA) March 5, 2014 near Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Scott Olson / Getty Images

Basic Job Description

The 09L Interpreter/Translator MOS is a relatively new MOS created by the Army, specifically for native foreign language speakers. In order to enlist in this MOS, you must be able to fluently speak a foreign language, which the Army needs translators for.

The Interpreter/Translator is primarily responsible for conducting interpretation (oral) and preparing translations (written) between English and a foreign language, as well assisting in unit foreign language & cultural awareness familiarization training.

09L Soldiers specialize in a number of Middle-Eastern languages.

The duties at each skill level for MOS 09L are:
(1) MOSC 09L1O. Perform low- and mid-level interpretation. Conducts sight translations
of foreign language material into English. Briefs supported element on
interpreter/translator utilization. Support by assisting in language and cultural awareness
familiarization. Verifies low-level interpretation.
(2) MOSC 09L2O. Performs duties as shown in preceding skill level and provides guidance
to subordinate Soldiers. Supervises the maintenance and development of English and foreign
language skills, as well as MOS skills. Prepare written translations from a foreign language
(ILR level 1+) to English. Provides and conducts language familiarization and cultural
awareness training. Verifies mid-level interpretation.
(3) MOSC 09L3O. Performs duties as shown in preceding skill levels and provides
guidance to subordinate Soldiers.

Require a minimum foreign language reading proficiency
rating of R2, as measured by the Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) or an alternate
reading proficiency test validated by the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center
(DLIFLC). Verifies documents and performs translations. Performs duties as high-level escort
as interpreter and translator.

Soldier requires a SECRET security eligibility.
(4) MOSC 09L4O. Performs duties as shown in preceding skill levels and provides
guidance to subordinate Soldiers. Supervises the maintenance and development of English and
foreign language skills, as well as MOS skills. Soldier requires a SECRET security
eligibility.
(5) MOSC 09L5O. Performs duties as shown in preceding skill levels and provides
guidance to subordinate Soldiers. Provide advisory support in utilization of linguist assets.

Initial Training Information

6 weeks, 0 days, at Fort Jackson, SC (Note: Depending on English fluency, applicants for the 09L MOS may also be required to attend English language training at Ft. Jackson prior to attending Basic Training).

ASVAB Score Required: 10

Security Clearance: None

Strength Requirement: None established

Physical Profile Requirement: 222222

Other Requirements

Proficient in one or more of the following required target languages:

  • Arabic-Modern Standard
  • Arabic-Gulf-Iraqi
  • Arabic-Egyptian
  • Arabic-Levantine
  • Arabic-Yemeni
  • Arabic-Sudanese
  • Arabic-Maghrebi
  • Arabic-Algerian
  • Arabic-Libyan
  • Arabic-Moroccan
  • Arabic-Tunisian
  • Pushtu/Pashto/Pachto
  • Pushtu-Afghan
  • Kurdish
  • Kurdish-Behdini (Kurmanji)
  • Kurdish-Sorani
  • Persian-Afghan (Dari)
  • Persian-Iranian (Farsi)

Similar Civilian Occupations

  • Interpreters and Translators
  • Business Operations Specialists
  • Computer Operators
  • Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan
  • Training and Development Specialists

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