Army Enlisted Job Descriptions & Qualification Factors

Field 13 -- Field Artillery

Sgt. Zachary Mahaffey, a Field Artillery Firefinder RADAR Operator with Battery A, 26th Field Artillery Regiment (Target Acquisition Battery), 41st Fires Brigade, starts a generator at Fort Hood, Texas Sep. 26. Mahaffey and his fellow team members are competing in a battery level competition to find out which of two radar sections is the best
U.S. Army photo / Sgt. Garett Hernandez, 41st Fires Brigade Public Affairs

The Army Field Artillery Training is located in Fort Sill Oklahoma.  The mission of Fort Sill is to train soldiers and Marines, and develop Field Artillery leaders; design and develop fire support for the force; support unit training and readiness; mobilize and deploy operating forces; and maintain installation infrastructure and services. (Official Ft Sill site).  The primary mission of artillery units is to support infantry and tank units in combat by providing effective fire support on enemy troops and vehicles.

Fort Sill houses the Field Artillery School, the primary training facility for field artillery soldiers and marines worldwide.  If you select the artillery MOS expect to be within the below career field (Field 13):

Below are the MOSs that belong to the Field Artillery Field:

13B - Cannon Crewmember - The 13B operates highly technological cannon artillery weapon systems. A short list of his responsibilities are loads and fires howitzers, sets fuse and charge on a variety of munitions, including high explosive artillery rounds, laser guided projectiles, mines, and rocket assisted projectiles. 

13D - Field Artillery Automated Tactical Data Systems Specialist (FAATDS)  - The 13D are primarily responsible for operating the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems for both cannon and Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRS). The 13D Specialists play a critical role in the safe, accurate, and lethal delivery of both cannon and MLRS systems on enemy targets.


13F - Fire Support Specialist - The 13F is the fire support communication / coordination specialist. The 13F assists in preparation and dissemination of fire support plans, coordinating documents, and target lists and provides liaison support. They also assists in initiating requests for artillery, mortar, naval gunfire, and aerial delivered munitions.

13M - Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember - The 13M Drives the M270 Self-Propelled Loader Launcher and the ammunition re-supply vehicle and trailer. The 13M primarily performs operator/crew maintenance on the self-propelled loader launcher and ammunition re-supply vehicle and trailer. 

13P - Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations/Fire Direction Specialist - The multiple launch rocket system operations/ fire direction specialist leads, supervises, or serves as a member of a MLRS fire direction center or firing platoon headquarters.  The 13P records and transmits firing data using the Fire Direction System (FDS) and voice radio. 

13R - Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator - The Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator is responsible for detecting enemy forces and alerting the units in the Army. Using highly specialized radars, the 13R can detect various enemy objects and their locations.

13T - Field Artillery Surveyor/Meteorological Crewmember - The 13T is responsible for monitoring weather conditions so the field artillery team can fire and launch missiles accurately. 

13Z - Field Artillery Senior Sergeant - Field artillery senior sergeant leads in the fire support, operations/intelligence, and target acquisition activities in a field artillery battalion, brigade, division artillery, or corps artillery.

As you can see being a Field Artillery Specialist is more than "dropping lead from above" you have to be skilled in communications, computer systems, and target recognition.