Can You Get Advanced Enlisted Rank for College Credits or JROTC?

All four armed services offer advanced rank, but the details vary

Junior ROTC members carrying flags
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Many potential armed services recruits wonder if it's possible for them to enter one of the services at an advanced enlisted rank, provided they have college credits or experience in the Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC).

Each of the services has a different policy when it comes to offering advanced rank for those with college credits and other programs, including JROTC. Here's a guide to what's available in the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the Marines.


Army Advanced Enlisted Rank Policy

When you enter the Army as a new enlisted recruit, you typically are given the rank of private, or paygrade E-1. This is the lowest rank in the service.

However, those with several different types of credentials can enter at a higher level: private second class (paygrade of E-2), private first class (paygrade E-3), or specialist (paygrade E-4).

To join the Army as a private second class, you need one or two years of JROTC experience or 24 credits from an accredited college or university. It's also possible to join as a private second class if you earned Eagle Scout rank in Boy Scouts or the Gold Award in Girl Scouts, or if you completed the National Defense Cadet Corps program.

To join as a private first class, you need either: three years of JROTC; one year of Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps (SROTC); or 48 or more college credits.

To join as a specialist, you must have a four-year degree at an accredited college or university.


Navy Advanced Enlisted Rank Policy

Recruits normally enter the Navy at the rank of seaman recruit, with paygrade E-1. Requirements to enter at higher paygrades and ranks are similar to those for the Army.

To enter at the rank of seaman apprentice (paygrade E-2), you must have completed 24 credits at an accredited college or university.

Alternatively, you must have completed two years of JROTC or reached paygrade E-2 in the Navy Sea Cadet Corps program.

To enter at the rank of seaman (paygrade E-3), you must have completed 48 or more college credits, reached paygrade E-3 in the Navy Sea Cadet Corps program, completed three years in JROTC, or achieved Eagle Scout or Girl Scout Gold.


Air Force Advanced Enlisted Rank Policy

In the Air Force, recruits normally enter at the rank of airman basic, with paygrade E-1. Again, requirements to enter at higher ranks and paygrades are similar to those for the other armed services.

If you have two years of JROTC training, you can enter at the rank of airman (paygrade E-2). You also can enter at this level if you have 20 credits from an accredited college or university, or if you have achieved Eagle Scout or Girl Scout Gold.

To enter at the rank of airman first class (paygrade E-3), you must have completed 45 college credits or three years of JROTC training. In addition, several awards, including the General Billy Mitchell Award, Amelia Earhart Award, and the General Carl A.

Spaatz Award will qualify you to enter at the level of airman first class.


Marine Corps Advanced Enlisted Rank Policy

In the Marines, recruits normally enter the service at the rank of private. Unlike the other services, the Marines don't offer the opportunity to enter at any paygrade higher than E-2.

Those who enter at E-2, with a rank of private first class, must have completed two years of JROTC or ROTC, have completed 12 credits of college classes (with a minimum grade point average of 2.3 or higher on a 4-point scale), have achieved Eagle Scout or Girl Scout Gold, or have achieved the grade of E-3 or spent 24 months in the Naval Sea Cadet Corps.


More on Entering with Advanced Rank

Almost all recruits who join with advanced rank are paid the rate of base pay for that advanced rank right from the first day of active duty.

However, in most of the services, recruits do not get to actually wear the rank until they graduate from basic training.

For those enlisting in the Air Force for six years, they enlist and go through basic as an E-1 (or E-2 if they were qualified, such as college credits) and are then promoted to E-3 20 weeks following basic training graduation, or when they graduate technical school (job training), whichever occurs first. Date of Rank as an E-3 is then back-dated to the date of basic training graduation. Airmen don't receive back pay for this, but the earlier date-of-rank makes them eligible for E-4 earlier.

As with other enlistment incentives, advanced enlistment rank must be included on your enlistment contract.

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