Mexico is a well-known country to anyone in the United States due to its proximity, but many investors fail to appreciate its economic muscle. In 2015, the country's annual GDP growth rate was 3.29%, which is better than many developed countries.
In this article, we'll take a look at Mexico's economy and various ways to invest in it.
Mexico's Growing Economy
Given Mexico's proximity to the United States, the country tends to react more to U.S. events than those of Latin American countries south of its borders, creating an interesting dynamic for international investors.
Compared to most developed countries, Mexico's economy is heavily export-based with 39.29% of its gross domestic product (GDP) from goods and services, as of 2018. Meanwhile, the OEDC ranked Mexican workers as the hardest working in the world in terms of annual hours worked.
The economy is also making strides when it comes to increased private ownership and favorable business regulation. In 2012, President Enrique Pena Nieto was elected to office promising big changes to the way the country was run.
Investing in Mexico with ETFs & ADRs
The easiest way to invest in Mexico is with exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that hold a diverse portfolio of securities and trade on a U.S. stock exchange. With a net asset value of over $1.1 billion, the iShares MSCI Mexico Investable Market Index Fund (NYSE: EWW) is the most popular ETF in the U.S.
Investors looking for more direct exposure may also want to consider American Depository Receipts (ADRs), which are U.S. traded securities that track foreign stocks. Since these trade on U.S. exchanges, investors do not need to deal with foreign brokerage accounts, but they still may need to consider foreign taxes and relatively low liquidity in some cases.
Some popular Mexican ADRs include:
- Cemex SAB de CV (NYSE: CX)
- America Movil SAB de CV (NASDAQ: AMOV)
- Fomento Economico Mexicano SAB (NYSE: FMX)
Benefits & Risks of Investing
Many U.S. citizens know Mexico for its violent drug gangs in the northern states, but the country has grown over the years to become a significant global player.
Some benefits of investing in Mexico include:
- Export-Driven Economy. Mexico is an export-driven economy that benefits from stronger global demand. For instance, its automotive industry is internationally recognized with the big three operating in the country.
- Significant Growth Potential. Mexico is a nation with enormous growth potential and is included in numerous emerging market indices. For instance, Goldman Sachs' MIST economies include Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea and Turkey.
Some risks of investing in Mexico include:
- Widespread Petty Corruption. It's estimated that petty corruption by government officials adds about 10% to the cost of consumer goods and services, with widespread bribing of officials to obtain things like construction permits.
- Significant Organized Crime. Since 2006, Mexico has been in the midst of a drug war that has caused tens of thousands of deaths. The problems don't necessary affect export businesses directly, but could lead to geopolitical instability.
Key Takeaway Points
- Mexico is a familiar country to many people in the U.S., but investors don't seem to appreciate its economy's potential to its full extent.
- Mexico's economy is primarily export-based with a hard working labor force, but faces problems with crime, corruption, poverty and monopolies.
- The easiest way to invest in Mexico is through ETFs and ADRs, with the most popular option being the iShares MSCI Mexico Investable Market Index Fund (NYSE: EWW).