MOS 31B - Army Military Police

Army Military Police

Military Police Detachment Activation
U.S. Army Fort Drum & 10th Mountain Division/Flickr

Military Occupational Specialty 31B in the Army is the Military Police (MP). The Army's Warrior Police play an integral role is securing other military personnel and property at home, foreign bases, as well as forward bases in war zones. The Military Police is known for base security, but they also are trained in corrections and confining of inmates, prisoners of war, investigations, as well as mobility security support across the globe.

Their main job is to protect and preserve the rule of law sometimes in places where there is no law.

Military Police Motto: The Motto of the Military Police is "Of the Troops - For the Troops" as they Assist, Support, and Defend military property and personnel.  

Basic Job Description

Military Police protect lives and property on Army installations by enforcing military laws and regulations, as well as controlling traffic, preventing crime, and responding to emergencies. Military Police are responsible for providing support to the battlefield by conducting Force Protection, Anti-Terrorism, Area Security, Internment/Resettlement, Maneuver and Mobility Support, Law & Order, and Police Intelligence Operations and crime prevention programs. One of the most important jobs of the Military Police is the security and maintaining the supply route regulation and enforcement.

Duties performed by Soldiers in this MOS include:

The Military Police performs as a team member in support of battlefield operations, installation law and order operations and security of Army resources and installations.

The MP leads military police teams in support of battlefield operations and supervises small sections in support of security and installation law and order operations.

The Military Police also leads military police squads and sections, operates police desks, plans crime prevention measures, operates evidence rooms and prepares operations plans and orders in military police detachments in support of both battlefield and installation law and order operations and security of resources and installations.

Video of Military Police Work

Training Information

Job training for military police requires 20 weeks of One Station Unit Training and on-the-job instruction in police methods in Fort Leonard Wood Missouri. Part of this time is spent in the classroom and in the field applying combat support and security operations.

Some of the skills you’ll learn are: Basic warrior skills and use of firearms, military/civil laws and jurisdiction, investigating and collecting evidence, traffic and crowd control, security, mobility support operations, and arrest and restraint of suspects.

The Military Police also train in non-lethal and lethal capabilities if needed to secure locations important to our military operations. Operations also include peace keeping, disaster relief, and teaming up with foreign military and civilian law enforcement depending upon the location of the base military operations being conducted.

Advanced Training in Military Police and Security

Some of the opportunities to the MOS 31 Career Field within the Army for the Military Police is to become a Crime Scene Investigator.  If you qualify, you can also obtain the 31K MOS and become a Dog Handler with a Military Working Dog (WMD) and learn a variety of skills such as Drug patrol, Explosives patrol, Law and Order operations, Installation Force Protection, VIP support, and Customs support.

ASVAB Score Required: 91 in aptitude area ST

Security Clearance: Secret

Strength Requirement: moderately heavy

Physical Profile Requirement: 2222211

Other Requirements

  • Red/green color discrimination
  • Must meet all requirements for Personnel Reliability Program (PRP) qualifications
  • Must possess a valid state motor vehicle operator license
  • No objection to performing security duties in the vicinity of nuclear or chemical munitions stored or staged for military use.
  • No record of more than 15 days lost under section 972-10- USC.
  • Minimum age of 18 at time of entrance on active duty
  • No record of possession or use of any narcotic or non-narcotic drug
  • Most criminal offenses (including three or more minor traffic infractions) will generally be disqualifying

Similar Civilian Occupations

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives
  • Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers
  • Security Guards
  • Business Operations Specialists
  • Training and Development Specialists

The Military Police enforce civil and federation regulations. With Military Police experience and training, the transition to civilian city, state, federal law enforcement professions is a logical process for many military veterans in this MOS.

Options within this career path can lead to Internment/Resettlement Specialist (MOS 31E) if you have the experience and / or desire to secure prisoners in detention centers / prisons.